GAZ-AAA truck is the triaxial modification of GAZ-AA.
Prototype of GAZ-AA was American truck Ford-Timken. During it serial
production (1934-1943) were produced 37 373 trucks, during WWII – 9 724
trucks. Nonmetering chassis for buses and armoured vehicles. GAZ-AAA trucks were used for transportation of goods, staff and for
towage of artillery systems. During pre-war period on the base of
GAZ-AAA trucks were produced self-propelled artillery vehicles such as
SU-1-12 with 76mm guns, antiaircraft emplacements with self-powered
machine gun Maxim (4M); during WWII – antiaircraft emplacements with
heavy machine gun DShK and with 25mm and 37mm automatic air defense
guns. In 1938 GAZ-AAA was updated with new 50 horsepower engine, the
central clasp brake on a shaft of auxiliary gear box, spare wheels were
removed to the niche of front fender. In 1940 new kind of rear towing
device was settled. Different special trucks were produced on base of GAZ-AAA chassis
such as radio station RSB-F, movable repair shops PARM and PM type A,
fuel tanks BZ-38 and BZ-38U, water-oil-bowsers BMZ-38, ground starters
AS-2 etc. Also armoured vehicles BA-6 and BA-10 were produced on base of GAZ-AAA chassis.
Large quantities of trucks were captured during the Second World War and used by the German army.